Australia’s rich biodiversity includes a wide variety of native trees, which are not only vital for the environment but also add immense value to our landscapes. However, there might be circumstances under which tree removal becomes necessary, such as disease, risk to property, or for development purposes. Given the significance of trees to the ecosystem and urban canopy, Australian tree removal laws are stringent and vary significantly across states and territories. This post aims to provide a comprehensive overview of these laws, helping homeowners and businesses navigate the complexities of legally removing trees.

National Framework and Local Variations

While there is no single national governing Australian tree removal laws, the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) serves as the overarching framework for environmental protection, including significant trees and habitats. This act protects national environmental assets, but when it comes to tree removal, regulations are primarily set at the state or local council level, leading to a patchwork of laws across the country.

Australian Tree Removal Laws

State and Territory Guidelines

  • New South Wales (NSW): In NSW, the Local Government Act 1993 and the State Environmental Planning Policy (Vegetation) 2017 are key pieces of legislation governing tree removal. Homeowners need to obtain a permit from their local council unless the tree is deemed an immediate risk or fits certain exemptions under the 10/50 Vegetation Clearing Code of Practice.
  • Victoria: The Victorian Planning Scheme regulates tree removal in Victoria, with specific controls laid out in planning overlays. The Native Vegetation Management framework also guides the removal of native vegetation, including trees.
  • Queensland: Queensland’s regulations are perhaps among the most complex, with the Vegetation Management Act 1999 and the Nature Conservation Act 1992 playing significant roles. Local councils may have additional regulations, especially in areas close to natural reserves or with significant tree heritage.
  • Western Australia: The Environmental Protection Act 1986 and local government by-laws oversee tree removal in WA. Significant trees, especially in heritage areas, require specific council approval before removal.
  • South Australia: South Australia’s Development Act 1993 and Native Vegetation Regulations 2017 govern tree removal. There are strict criteria for significant and regulated trees, with various protections depending on the tree’s size and location.
  • Tasmania: The Nature Conservation Act 2002 and the Forest Practices Act 1985 regulate tree removal, focusing on preserving Tasmania’s unique biodiversity. Permits are often required, especially for native species.
  • Australian Capital Territory (ACT): The Tree Protection Act 2005 is central in the ACT, emphasizing the protection of trees on leased urban land. Approval is generally required for the removal of regulated or registered trees.
  • Northern Territory: The Planning Act and by-laws under the NT government control tree removal, with a focus on preserving native vegetation. Specific permits are needed for removal on private and public lands.

Navigating the Legal Landscape

To legally remove a tree in Australia, the first step is always to check with your local council or state authority. This is crucial as regulations can vary not just by state, but down to the suburb or local government area. Many councils offer guidelines and permit applications online, making it easier to understand the requirements.

It’s also essential to consider whether a tree is part of a heritage overlay, classified as significant or regulated, or if it provides habitat for protected wildlife. In such cases, additional assessments by an arborist or an environmental consultant might be necessary.

The Importance of Professional Advice

Given the complexity and variation in laws, consulting with a professional arborist who understands local regulations is invaluable. They can advise on whether a permit is needed, assist with the application process, and ensure that the removal is conducted safely and legally. Furthermore, arborists can often suggest alternative solutions that may not require tree removal, such as pruning or disease management.


Tree removal in Australia is governed by a complex mix of federal, state, and local laws designed to balance development needs with environmental protection. Before undertaking any tree removal, it’s crucial to understand these regulations and seek the appropriate permits. By doing so, you contribute to the preservation of Australia’s unique natural heritage for future generations, while ensuring the safety and integrity of your property.

Understanding and navigating Australian tree removal laws requires patience and due diligence. By respecting these laws, homeowners and businesses not only comply with legal requirements but also play a part in conserving the environment and biodiversity. Remember, when in doubt, always seek professional advice to guide you through the process.